TYPE - ANTI-SHIP CRUISE MISSILE WARHEAD - 693 LB. CONVENTIONAL RANGE - 186 NAUTICAL MILES BODY DIA. - 1.25 FEET LENGTH - 18.45 FEET WEIGHT - 2,046 POUNDS AIR LAUNCH ENGINE - SATURN 36 MT TURBOJET/SOLID ROCKET BOOSTER GUIDANCE - ACTIVE RADAR SPEED - MACH .8 RADUGA MACHINE DESIGN BUREAU DUBNA, RUSSIA
TYPE - STRATEGIC LAND ATTACK CRUISE MISSILE WARHEAD - NUCLEAR 200 KILOTONS RANGE - 1,550 NAUTICAL MILES BODY DIA. - 30 INCHES LENGTH - 28.9 FEET WEIGHT - 3,750 POUNDS AIR LAUNCH ENGINE - TURBOFAN GUIDANCE - INERTIAL AND DOPPLER RADAR DIGITAL SCENE IMAGE MAPPING FOR LAND ATTACK ROLE SPEED - MACH .77 RADUGA MACHINE DESIGN BUREAU M. I. KALININ MACHINE BUILDING PLANT
The KH-55 Granat (AS-15 Nato code name "Kent") was fielded in the 1990s. The X-55SM modification provided for increased range with the installation of expendable conformal external fuel tanks, giving it an estimated range of 1,860 miles.
The Kh-55 has been in Russian service since 1984 as a nuclear-armed air-launched cruise missile. The missile carries a 200 kiloton nuclear warhead. The Kh-55 is the Soviet counterpart to American BGM-109 Tomahawk cruise missile. The Kh-55 cruise missiles are deployed on Russian strategic bombers - the Tu-95 Bear and Tu-160 Blackjack.
Each Tu-95 Bear bomber can carry up to six Kh-55 missiles, located on catapult type launching drum installation in the bomb compartment of the aircraft. In addition to the internal rotary launcher, the Bear can carry ten more Kh-55s on external pylons.
The supersonic Tu-160 Blackjack can carry twelve Kh-55 long range cruise missiles inside the two loading compartments of the bomb bay.
Iran was said to have purchased intermediate-range cruise missiles that could fitted with a nuclear warhead, according to an investigation in Ukraine. A leading Ukraine parliamentarian and politicians said a police investigation has determined that Iran bought missiles with a range of up to 3,000 kilometers from Kiev. The pro-government parliamentarian, Grigory Omelchenko, identified the cruise missiles as the Kh-55.
Omelchenko said Iran procured six Kh-55 air-to-ground cruise missiles from Ukraine between 1999 and 2001. He said another six Kh-55s were sold to China. The Kh-55 — termed by NATO the AS-15 — was said to be highly accurate and could contain a nuclear warhead. Omelchenko, a former officer of Ukraine's intelligence service, said authorities also prevented an attempt to export 14 Kh-55 missiles.
TYPE - ANTI-SHIP/LAND ATTACK CRUISE MISSILE WARHEAD - 440 LB. CONVENTIONAL OR NUCLEAR RANGE - 162 NAUTICAL MILES BODY DIA. - 2.1 FEET LENGTH - 30.5 FEET WEIGHT - 6,700 POUNDS AIR LAUNCH - 8,598 POUNDS SURFACE/SEA LAUNCH ENGINE - RAMJET SUSTAINER/SOLID ROCKET BOOSTER GUIDANCE - ACTIVE/PASSIVE RADAR DIGITAL SCENE IMAGE MAPPING FOR LAND ATTACK ROLE TARGET INFO PASSED BY KONDOR-E SATELLITE SPEED - MACH 2.6 NPO MASHINOSTROYENIA DESIGN BUREAU RUSSIA
Russia is offering the NPO MASH Yakhont-M land attack super-sonic cruise missile with its KONDOR-E radar targeting satellite for export. The Yakhont flies at tree top level to avoid radar detection. The missile flies at speeds in excess of Mach 2. In an extended range mission, the Yakhont climbs to 46,000 feet before diving to below 50 feet as it closes to within 22 miles of its target. Terminal attack speed is reported to be .4 miles per second. The Yakhont can be air launched using the ALFA system, sea-launched from its container/canister or fired from a shore based mobile launcher called BASTION. Yahont can also be fired from a standard torpedo tube from conventional submarines.
Russia has also offered four TU-22M Backfire bombers to the Indian navy for maritime strikes. The supersonic TU-22M Backfire is capable of carrying nuclear weapons and can launch the latest Russian cruise missiles including the SS-N-26 Yakhont and SS-N-22 Sunburn.
TYPE - ANTI-SHIP/LAND ATTACK CRUISE MISSILE MISSILE WARHEAD - ANTI-SHIP 440 LB. CONVENTIONAL HIGH EXPLOSIVE ON HYPERSONIC VEHICLE - LAND ATTACH 880 LB. CONVENTIONAL HIGH EXPLOSIVE RANGE - ANTI-SHIP 11O MILES LAND ATTACK 220 MILES WING SPAN - 10.1 FEET BODY DIA. - 2.52 FEET LENGTH - 27.9 FEET WEIGHT - 4,400 POUNDS ENGINE - ANTI-SHIP SOLID ROCKET BOOSTER/TURBOJET SUSTANINER/HYPERSONIC KILL VEHICLE LAND ATTACK SOLID ROCKET BOOSTER/TURBOJET SUSTAINER GUIDANCE - ANTI-SHIP ACTIVE RADAR HOMING LAND ATTACK INTERNAL/TERRIAN FOLLOWING RADAR SPEED - MACH .6 TO .8 TURBOJET CRUISE ANTI-SHIP THIRD STAGE KILL VEHICLE HYPESONIC MACH 2.9 SEPERATES INSIDE LAST 15 N. MILES OF TARGET NOVATOR NPO EKATERINBURG, RUSSIA
The Antiship 3M-54E missile is designed to be fired either from standardized vertical launch tubes of surface ships or through torpedo tubes of submarines. The 3M-54E antiship missile is made up of a launch stage, a winged low-flying subsonic cruise stage, and a low-flying supersonic kill vehicle that attacks the target in a final terminal phase.
Another version of the system, 3M-54E1, is intended for installation on board small-displacement ships or submarines. This version is made up of a launch stage and a winged subsonic cruise stage. The 3M-14E winged missile is designed to engage ground targets. It is made up of a launch stage and a low-flying subsonic winged cruise stage. The missile’s onboard flight control system has a barometric altimeter, which provides for a covert flight as the missile maintains flight altitude precisely and follows terrain features, as well as a satellite navigation system which ensures high missile cueing accuracy.
India has reportedly purchased the 3M54 missile from Russia and is currently refitting five of the ten 877EKM (KILO) class submarines to fire the KLUB missile. India's tenth KILO sub, the Sindhushastra, was launched in July of 2000 at St. Petersburg. China is also reported to be interested in purchasing the KLUB to arm the PLA Navy force of KILO submarines.
TYPE - SURFACE TO AIR MISSILE WARHEAD - 220 LB. CONVENTIONAL HIGH EXPLOSIVE OR 2 KILOTON NUCLEAR RANGE - 50 MILES WING SPAN - 3.4 FEET BODY DIA. - 1.47 FEET LENGTH - 22.9 FEET WEIGHT - 3,262 POUNDS ENGINE - SINGLE STAGE SOLID ROCKET GUIDANCE - SECURE COMMAND GUIDANCE FLAP LID RADAR SPEED - MACH 5 ALMAZ NPO MOSCOW, RUSSIA
The mobile S-300 was initially developed to defend Moscow in a ring of fixed sites. In the late 1980s a mobile version of the SA-10 was completed. This version of the weapon is carried and vertically launched from a dedicated four-round capacity transporter-erector launcher vehicle. The Russian version is based on the MAZ-7910 8 x 8 truck chassis.
The SA-10 mobile missile battery comprises the combined FLAP LID B radar and command guidance system mounted on a MAZ-7910 and up to 12 mobile SA-10 launch units, each equipped with four Grumble missiles. When traveling the missiles are carried in the horizontal position and rotated to the vertical position before firing at the pre-designated launch site.
Senior Russian aerospace officials admitted that they are testing new SAM missiles against the F-117 that was shot down by Serb forces in 1999. The Russians admitted that the F-117 was being used to test new anti-stealth technology and advanced missiles designed to shoot down U.S. aircraft. Russian researchers are testing components of a new air defense system against the F-117 remains.
The Russian anti-stealth tests include radio frequency seekers from surface-to-air missiles and proximity fuses for missile warheads. Russian missile makers Antey Industrial Corp. and the Almaz Central Design Bureau are using the F-117 and modified Russian-made stealth aircraft to test components for the next generation of Russian Surface to Air Missiles (SAMs).
Almaz engineers claim its S-300PMU-2 system can locate and destroy stealth targets up to 60 miles away. Almaz is currently trying to sell the S-300PMU-2 to China.
China has recently moved the advanced SA-10 to the coast with Taiwan to protect airbases and nuclear missile sites. Iran has also purchased the SA-10 from Russia. Two units are currently manned by joint Russian-Iranian crews just outside of Tehran. U.S. defense analysts are concerned that Iran will use the SA-10 to protect newly developed Shahab-3 and Shahab-4 missile sites from Israeli or American air attacks.
TYPE - AIR-TO-AIR INFRA-RED HOMING MISSILE WARHEAD - 50 LB. CONVENTIONAL RANGE - 20 MILES WING SPAN - 1 FOOT 8 INCHES BODY DIA. - .85 FEET LENGTH - 9 FEET 6 INCHES WEIGHT - 232 POUNDS ENGINE - SINGLE STAGE SOLID ROCKET GUIDANCE - I/R HOMING INTERCEPTOR MISSILE SLAVED TO HELMET SIGHT SPEED - MACH 4 VYMPEL DESIGN BUREAU MOSCOW, RUSSIA
The PRC has used at least one commercial air carrier to assist in its technology transfer efforts. In 1996, Hong Kong Customs officials intercepted AA-11 ARCHER air-to-air missile parts being shipped by CATIC aboard a commercial air carrier, Dragonair. Dragonair is owned by China International Trade and Investment Company (CITIC), the most powerful and visible PRC-controlled conglomerate, and the Civil Aviation Administration of China.
TYPE - AIR-TO-AIR ACTIVE RADAR HOMING MISSILE WARHEAD - 50 LB. CONVENTIONAL RANGE - 50 MILES WING SPAN - 2.3 FEET BODY DIA. - .65 FEET LENGTH - 11.8 FEET WEIGHT - 660 POUNDS ENGINE - SINGLE STAGE SOLID ROCKET GUIDANCE - ACTIVE RADAR HOMING INTERCEPTOR MISSILE SPEED - MACH 5 VYMPEL DESIGN BUREAU MOSCOW, RUSSIA
The R-77 is a long-range air-to-air missile carried by Russian built fighters. The R-77 is designed to destroy other aircraft beyond visual range (BVR) and reported to be equal to or better than the U.S. made AIM-120 AMRAAM missile. R-77 missiles have also recently appeared in the arsenal of the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF).
TYPE - SUPERSONIC ANTI-SHIP CRUISE MISSILE WARHEAD - 750 LB. CONVENTIONAL OR 200 KILOTON NUCLEAR RANGE - 90 MILES WING SPAN - 6.2 FEET BODY DIA. - 2.5 FEET LENGTH - 31.9 FEET WEIGHT - 9,920 POUNDS ENGINE - INTEGRATED ROCKET BOOSTER RAMJET SUSTAINER GUIDANCE - ACTIVE RADAR HOMING SEA SKIMMER SPEED - MACH 2.5 AT SEA LEVEL RADUGA MACHINE DESIGN BUREAU DUBNA, RUSSIA
The 3M82 MOSKIT anti-ship missile is produced by the Raduga Machine Building Design Bureau located in Dubna. Raduga developed the widely exported SS-N-2 Styx missile which sank an Israeli destroyer during the six day war.
The Raduga Moskit anti-ship missile is perhaps the most lethal anti-ship missile in the world. The MOSKIT is designed to fly as low as 9 feet at over 1,500 miles per hour, faster than a rifle bullet. The missile uses a violent pop-up maneuver for its terminal approach to throw off Phalanx and other anti-missile defense.In August 1999, the first of two 8,480-ton Russian Navy Project 956A destroyers built for China conducted trials in the eastern Baltic. Each 956A warship is armed with eight supersonic 3M82 Moskit sea-skimming missiles (NATO code-name SS-N-22 "Sunburn").
PAYLOAD - 100 KG. WARHEAD - 220 POUNDS RANGE - 125 MILES IMPROVED "P" VERSION MOD-2 DIAMETER - .36 METERS (1.2 FEET) LENGTH - 4.7 METERS (15.4 FEET) WEIGHT - 600 KG. (1,320 LB.) ENGINE - KEROSENE RAMJET GUIDANCE - ACTIVE/PASSIVE R/F SEEKER - DESIGNED TO ATTACK PATRIOT AND AEGIS RADAR SYSTEMS. SPEED - MACH 2.7 (1,785 KEAS OR 3,010 FPS) AT 30 FEET MACH 3.5+ AT ALTITUDE ZVEZDA DESIGN BUREAU KALINGRAD, RUSSIA
The Zvezda Kh-31 is an anti-radar homing missile designed to attack Patriot and Aegis radar systems. The ramjet powered missile is lowered into the airstream below the firing aircraft on a trapeze like launch rack and the integrated ramjet engine is then started, launching the missile toward its target.
U.S. Navy tests indicated that the Kh-31 could not sustain low altitude flight at ranges over 15 miles - even if it did reach top speeds of over Mach 2.7 at 30 feet. Improvements suggested by U.S. engineers have been incorporated into the missile (P version) - extending its range to over 45 miles at low altitude super-sonic flight and over 100 miles at altitudes over 30,000 feet. China has signed a license to produce the improved Kh-31 with Russia. Russian made Kh-31 missiles already arm Chinese Su-27 Flanker fighters patrolling the Taiwan Straits.
TYPE - STRATEGIC NUCLEAR MISSILE WARHEAD - SINGLE 550 KILOTON THERMONUCLEAR MARV RANGE - 9000 MILES WING SPAN - 6.06 FEET BODY DIA. - 6.06 FEET LENGTH - 74.5 FEET WEIGHT - 104,000 POUNDS ENGINE - 3 STAGE SOLID ROCKET GUIDANCE - INTERNAL/STELLAR SPEED - 15,000 MILES AN HOUR MOSCOW INSTITUTE OF THERMAL TECHNOLOGY (MITT) MOSCOW, RUSSIA
Russia is deploying a new series of nuclear tipped missiles with warheads designed with the aid of US supercomputers. The new Russian SS-27 missile - an uprated version of the SS-25 TOPOL Mod One - is being moved directly into deployment with an advanced 550 kiloton nuclear warhead made by the Arzamas-16 nuclear design bureau. The SS-27 design has also been exported to China and will be built under license as the DF-41.
Russia is testing a new warhead for its SS-27 TOPOL M. The new warhead is reported to be a nuclear-armed supersonic ramjet, or Scramjet, capable of avoiding U.S.-designed anti-ballistic missiles. The recent successful SS-27 test showed the Scramjet warhead was able to fly at high speeds in the upper reaches of the atmosphere.
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