The Second Artillery Corps is comprised of approximately 120,000 personnel and maintains control of over 300 nuclear warheads. According to the Chinese Central Military Commission (CMC) the Second Artillery Corps is given priority funding over all other PLA units. Although it only makes up about 4 percent of the PLA, it receives 12 to 15 percent of the defense budget and about 20 percent of the total procurement budget. When the PLA cut 1 million personnel in the 1980s, Second Artillery Corps ranks increased in total size.
The Second Artillery Corps is headquartered in Qinghe, a suburb of Beijing and maintains at least seven missile bases each with one to three missile brigades and regiment-level special departments responsible for chemical defense, communications, training, security and four launch battalions. Each base also has training and nuclear warhead maintenance units and reports directly to the Second Artillery Corps commander. Each missile brigade commands a number of permanent launch sites. For ease of maintenance, each missile brigade is responsible for only one type of missile.
80301 Unit. The 80301 Unit is headquartered in Shenyang, Liaoning Province. Its complement of DF-3A and DF-21 cover the Korean peninsula and Japan, including Okinawa.
80302 Unit. The 80302 Unit is headquartered in Huangshan, Anhui Province and is the Second Artillery's most important unit for conducting strikes against Taiwan. The 815th brigade in Leping took part in the March 1996 missile exercises off the coast of Taiwan. During a wartime situation the 815th brigade would disperse to prearranged sites in Fujian Province in to order to be able to strike the entire island of Taiwan. Missiles are usually transported by rail for field deployments.
80303 Unit. The 80303 Unit is headquartered in Kunming, Yunnan province. Its complement of DF-3A and DF-21 can strike targets in India and Southeast Asia.
80304 Unit. The 80304 Unit is headquartered in Luoyang, Henan province. Its DF-5 missiles can strike targets throughout the United States and Europe.
80305 Unit. The 80305 Unit is headquartered in Huaihua, Hunan province. Its DF-4 missiles can strike Guam.
80306 Unit. The 80306 Unit is headquartered in Xining, Qinghai province. Its DF-4 missiles can strike targets in India and Russia. This unit may also have an experimental unit assigned to it.
RANGE - 186 MILES 1993 VERSION 510 MILES 2002 ADVANCED VERSION WARHEAD - 50 or 350 KILOTON TACTICAL NUCLEAR (1000 KG) 2,200 POUND CONVENTIONAL ENGINE - SOLID PROPELLANT GUIDANCE - STRAP DOWN INERTIAL C.E.P. - LESS THAN 200 METERS NUMBER DEPLOYED CHINA = 400 PAKISTAN = 70
WARHEAD - 1,100 LB. (500 KG) CHEMICAL, NUCLEAR OR CONVENTIONAL 20 KT. NEUTRON (ENHANCED RADIATION) WEAPON 350 KT. TACTICAL NUCLEAR WARHEAD RANGE - 370 MILES (600 KM) DIAMETER - 3.3 FEET (1 METER) LENGTH - 30 FEET (9.1 METERS) WEIGHT - 13,700 POUNDS (6,200 KG) ENGINE - SOLID PROPELLANT GUIDANCE - STRAP DOWN INERTIAL GPS SUPPLIED BY ROCKWELL POSSIBLE FOLLOW ON SAR RADAR ACTIVE TARGETING C.E.P. - LESS THAN 100 METERS NUMBER DEPLOYED CHINA = 400 SYRIA = 20
RANGE - 1,200 MILES WARHEAD - SINGLE 300 KILOTON THERMONUCLEAR NEW X VERSION WITH 250 KILOTON NUCLEAR ENGINE - TWO STAGE SOLID PROPELLANT GUIDANCE - INERTIAL/FIBER OPTIC/GPS NEW X VERSION ACTIVE RADAR IMAGING MARV C.E.P. - LESS THAN 200 METERS NEW X VERSION ACCURACY RATED AT 10 METERS NUMBER DEPLOYED CHINA = 90
RANGE - 1,200 MILES WARHEAD - SINGLE 300 KILOTON THERMONUCLEAR ENGINE - TWO STAGE SOLID PROPELLANT GUIDANCE - INERTIAL/FIBER OPTIC/GPS C.E.P. - LESS THAN 200 METERS NUMBER DEPLOYED CHINA = 16
RANGE - 1,500 MILES WARHEAD - THREE 250 KILOTON NUCLEAR ENGINE - TWO STAGE SOLID PROPELLANT GUIDANCE - INERTIAL/FIBER OPTIC C.E.P. - LESS THAN 10 METERS NUMBER DEPLOYED - CHINA = 10
RANGE - 7,500 MILES WARHEAD - SINGLE 2.5 MEGATON THERMONUCLEAR OR THREE 90 KILOTON NUCLEAR ENGINE - THREE STAGE SOLID PROPELLANT GUIDANCE - INERTIAL/FIBER OPTIC C.E.P. - LESS THAN 300 METERS NUMBER DEPLOYED CHINA = (DEVELOPMENT)
The Julang 2 missile was successfully tested by the PLA Navy in Jan. 2001 and a successful test of the undersea launch system was conducted in October 2001. This system is planned for installation on the Type 94 SLBM submarine at Huludao. Each PLA Navy "boomer" is designed to carry 12 JL-2 missiles in a sail like configuration similar to Russian designed Delta class boats. The first JL-2 armed Type 94 is expected to be operational in 2008.
RANGE - 7,500 MILES WARHEAD - SINGLE 2.5 MEGATON THERMONUCLEAR OR THREE 90 KILOTON NUCLEAR ENGINE - THREE STAGE SOLID PROPELLANT GUIDANCE - INERTIAL/FIBER OPTIC C.E.P. - LESS THAN 300 METERS NUMBER DEPLOYED CHINA = 12
NOTE - Chinese test of DF-31 in 2002
The new Dong Feng 31 (DF-31) missiles are attached to the 80304 Unit of the Second Artillery Corps. The 80304 Unit is headquartered in Luoyang, Henan province. The new Dong Feng (EAST WIND) 31 missile performed flawlessly during its test flights. The DF-31 can reach any city in America and is armed with three nuclear warheads. The DF-31 has Clinton-supplied guidance, nuclear warhead, nose cone and solid rocket engine technologies.
During the visit to China of General Henry Shelton, the Chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, and just a few days prior to the American presidential election, Beijing successfully flight tested its new DF-31 inter-continental ballistic missile, reports Bill Gertz in the Washington Times. Defense analysts say the timing of the test was a deliberate political signal to the United States and its allies. During Shelton's visit, Chinese officials repeated Beijing's opposition to US defensive arms sales to Taiwan. The DF-31 test missile utilized several decoy warheads, intended to defeat US missile defenses.
The DF-31 is equipped with many technologies stolen or bought from America during Clinton's term. The DF-31 success was so spectacular that the the PLA 2nd Artillery will deploy 24 missiles by the end of 2004.
The Chinese DF-31 is a road mobile, nuclear tipped SCUD like missile, that is nearly impossible to find, much less destroy. It is intended to counter the USAF B-2 bomber in a "limited" nuclear war scenario where China and the U.S. would only kill a few million people on each side. If deployed in large numbers, the DF-31 could pose a significant first strike theat against stationary military targets inside the U.S. homeland, such as the MX missile fields and the single B-2 bomber base.
RANGE - 7,500 MILES WARHEAD - SINGLE 500 KILOTON MARV EVADER WARHEAD ENGINE - THREE STAGE SOLID PROPELLANT GUIDANCE - INERTIAL/FIBER OPTIC C.E.P. - LESS THAN 100 METERS NUMBER DEPLOYED CHINA = (DEVELOPMENT)
RANGE - 7,500 MILES WARHEAD - SINGLE 3 MEGATON THERMONUCLEAR ENGINE - TWO STAGE LIQUID PROPELLANT GUIDANCE - STRAP DOWN INERTIAL C.E.P. - LESS THAN 300 METERS NUMBER DEPLOYED CHINA = 20
RANGE - 4,500 MILES WARHEAD - SINGLE 3 MEGATON THERMONUCLEAR ENGINE - TWO STAGE LIQUID PROPELLANT GUIDANCE - STRAP DOWN INERTIAL C.E.P. - LESS THAN 300 METERS NUMBER DEPLOYED CHINA = 20
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